What Are Siddhis And Nidhis
Whole life humans keeps on satisfying their mundane desires and ultimately fails to discover their full potential.There are various super natural powers hidden from the perception of the humans which they never discover through out their life. There are various evidences found in the world where people are found capable of doing extraordinary things and breaking the laws of science for instance Sri Guru Rambau Swami of Tanjore is capable to withstand fire without harming himself.A documentary by the name “The Fire Yogi Of Tanjore” is available in you-tube where he demonstrate his extraordinary skills.There are many such people in the world who posses such super natural powers.Though the level of intensity at which they can exhibit their powers may be different but it does not deny existence of such people.Some people are even born with such special abilities or powers and majorly of them use it to make money. But it is not that only these people are bestowed with such powers rather every human has the potential to procure them through certain special techniques. Such techniques includes meditation, mudras , opening chakra etc.These powers can be called as the byproducts of these techniques as the ultimate aim of these techniques is to lead the practitioner to enlightenment. I have covered all these techniques in my post Opening The Chakras -Technique To Higher Meditation .With years of practice of these techniques these powers gradually gets awakened .These powers are called siddhis in Sanskrit.In spiritual context where a seeker’s cardinal objective is to procure self realization ,these siddhis connote “poison” because they distract a yogi from his path.So a yogi should never encourage complicity in these siddhis.
Sources Of Siddhis As Found In Various Sacred Litreatures
1.The “Yoga Sutras Of Patanjali ” contains in depth information about these siddhis and how to procure them.
2.Lord Krishna has given description about various siddhis in “Bhagvada Purana“.
3.”Samkhyakari“, one of the earliest surviving text of samkhya school of Indian philosophy describes about various types of siddhis.
4.”Markandeya Purana” also give description about various siddhis.”Bhramhavaivarta Purana ” describes about 17 types of siddhis.
5.“Riga Veda“,one of the four vedas in Hinduism describes about 8 major siddhis.
6..Mantra and Tantra literature describes various methods to obtain these siddhis.
7.These 8 siddhis and 9 nidhis(sacred treasures) also have their description in “Hanuman Chalisa“(praise dedicated to lord Hanuman) . One of the line in Hanuman chalisa reads ” Asthsiddhi navnidhi ke datta” which translates as one who bestows 8 siddhis and 9 nidhis.
In Hinduism the chief gods worshiped for obtaining these siddhis are lord Ganesha,lord Hanuman,lord Bhairava and goddess Kali.There are 8 types of major sidhhis and 21 types of secondary sidhhis . Apart from siddhis there are 9 types of nidhis or divine treasures.These treasure are said to belong to the hindu god of wealth i.e “Kuber“. As a yogi advances in the above stated techniques he or she gradually start discovering these siddhis. Although these powers or siddhis are said to be gained by years of practice but it ultimately depends upon one’s dedication and faith that how long it will actually take to experience them. .
The 8 Major Siddhis ( Astha Siddhi):
The 8 major siddhis according to Rigveda are as following:
1. Anima: Ability to become smaller than the smallest.
2. Mahima: The person with this ability can become as much big as he wants .
3. Garima:The person with this ability can become as much heavy as he wants .
4. Laghima: This sidhhi can make one as light as possible.This siddhi enables one to fly in air.
5. Prapti: With this siddhi all the restrictions are removed ,the person can achieve any goal without any obstacle.
6. Prakamya: With this siddhi one can fulfill his any wish.
7. Vashita : This siddhi bestows one the ability to control others and make them do anything.
8. Isithva: This is the highest of all siddhis and bestows one absolute lordship.
Bhagvada puran describes about 10 secondary siddhis which are as follows:
1. Parakaya pravesanam: To enter in the body of others .
2. Manojavah: Go instantly anywhere .
3. Ajnapratihata gatih: Orders or commands being not obstructed.
4. Yatha sankalpa samsiddhih: Accomplishing anything that one desires .
5. Svachanda mrtyuh: Death on wish.
6. Durasravans: Ability to hear distant things.
7. Kamarupam: Ability to take any corporal form .
8. Anurmimattvam: Control over hunger, thirst and food
9. Devanam saha krida anudarsanam: Witnessing and participating in the past aesthetic plays of the gods
10. Duradarsanam: Ability to see distant things .
The 9 Navnidhis
The 9 navnidhis or treasures belongs to the Hindu deity of wealth i.e Kubera. The various types of navnidhis belonging to god Kubera are are as follows:
1. Kunda: Arsenic treasure
2.Sankha :Conch shell treasure
3. Kharva: Cups or vessels baked in fire treasure
4.Makara:Black antimony treasure
5. Kachchhapa :Tortoise or turtle shell treasure
6. Mukunda: Cinnabar or quicksilver treasure
7. Padma: A lake in Himalaya with minerals and jewels
8. Mahapadma: A very big lake in Himalaya even bigger than the size of padma with minerals and jewels
9. Nila: Antimony treasure
The book “Amara-kosha” written by the ancient Indian scholar Amarasimh also describes about various types of 9 nidhis. These nine nidhis are:
1. Kunda: Jasmine flower
2. Makara : Crocodile
3. Kachchhapa: Tortoise
4. Nila :Sapphire gemstone
5. Mukunda :A precious stone
6. Kharva :Dwarf
7. Shankha :Conch shell
8. Padma :Lotus
9. Maha-padma: Great lotus flower